Journal of Education in Black Sea Region https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs <p>The aim of the journal is to publish high-quality manuscripts that are of international (or at least regional) significance in terms of design and/or findings by encouraging the collaboration with international teams of researchers to create special issues on these topics. The journal strives to strengthen connections between research and practice, so enhancing professional development and improving practice within the field of education. Papers accepted for publication are double-blind refereed by international reviewers to ensure academic integrity.</p> <p>Journal of Education in Black Sea Region (JEBS) is a peer-reviewed international (regional) journal. Articles from / dealing with the Black Sea region countries are especially welcome, however, we cordially invite authors from all over the world.&nbsp;</p> en-US <p>It is a condition of publication that authors assign copyright or license the publication rights in their articles, including abstracts, to Journal of Education in Black Sea Region. This enables us to ensure full copyright protection and to disseminate the article, and of course the Journal, to the widest possible readership. Authors are themselves responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyrighted material from other sources.</p> jebs@ibsu.edu.ge (Mehmet Shahiner) msahiner@ibsu.edu.ge (Mehmet Shahiner) Wed, 22 Jun 2022 09:54:44 +0400 OJS 3.1.1.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Mastery Learning and the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Teaching and Learning Mathematics in Romanian Schools https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/258 <p>COVID-19 pandemic has had a great influence on educational systems all over the world. The changes which occurred during the last year and a half were related to adapting the teaching-learning process to the online environment, to students’ and teachers’ behaviour regarding the way they got involved in educational activities, and to the lack of proper training for both categories. The mastery learning model can be adapted to the new teaching and learning conditions, being a great advantage, especially for students who encounter different difficulties in learning mathematics. The purpose of this qualitative research was to determine how effective the implementation of a mastery learning strategy is for both in-class and online math lessons. The implemented mastery learning strategies found a fertile ground in this new learning environment and have revealed that math anxiety and test anxiety were reduced due to the constant use of formative assessments and to the opportunity to revise contents that had not been previously understood.</p> Cristina Vlădescu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/258 Thu, 16 Jun 2022 15:59:21 +0400 International students’ motivation to study abroad – “Why are you studying at a Hungarian university?” https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/259 <p>The Bologna Process facilitates students and staff mobility among 48 countries to bring more coherence to Higher Education systems across Europe (European Commission/EACEA/Eurydice, 2020). A great number of higher education institutions develop study abroad programs to attract more international students, but there is a systematic difference between students participating in such programs and thoese who are not, hence it is significantly important to get to know about international students’ motivation to study abroad. This study examined international students’ motivation using the two-factor model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation proposed by the self-determination theory (SDT) of human motivation. A questionnaire was administered to 100 international students, 46 males and 54 females, aged 19 to 37 to explore the motivation to attend a Hungarian university. The results of the study show that the respondents endorsed more items on intrinsic motivation, than on extrinsic motivation. There is a significant difference in motivation among bachelor, master, and doctorate students. Master students demonstrate a higher level of stimulation, external, and identified regulation compared to bachelor and doctorate students. International students experience high-quality motivation – intrinsic motivation during studying at a Hungarian university, perceive themselves to be acting with a sense of autonomy, competence, and relatedness. The existing literature on international education mostly has focused on the skills and benefits students gain, but there has been limited research on international students' motivation. At the same time, knowledge about international students' motivation can be used in the program support and development which fits more to the motivational characteristics of international students.</p> Daria Borodina ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/259 Thu, 16 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0400 Catch the Internationalization Train”: The Impact of Internationalization on Administrators’ Decision Making in Georgia https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/260 <p>Over the past few decades, education institutions have responded to the challenges and opportunities of globalization through the process of internationalization. This qualitative study explores how administrators in higher education institutions in the country of Georgia understand and practice internationalization. Though often overlooked in internationalization studies, administators play a key role as interpreters of internationalization, government policies, and their institutional mission. Though respondents defined internationalization in a variety of ways, there was considerable overlap in practice. Their institutions employ several common tools of internationalization (e.g., exchange programs, collaborative research, benchmarking). Georgian administrators sought to enhance academic quality by facilitating an intercultural environment on the domestic campus, usually through mobility programs. HEIs in the study also use internationalization to evaluate their institutions, improve university practices, and compete more effectively. When making decisions, participants find themselves balancing government expectations, their university mission, and contextual constraints. Given Georgian universities’ high aspirations and limited budgets, it is recommended that administrators prioritize internationalization opportunities that can serve multiple purposes. It is also recommended that administrators consider ways to internationalize the curriculum and promote internationalization at home so that a wider array of students and staff can benefit from the university’s internationalization activities.</p> Elif Betul Erguvan, Jacob Reid ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/260 Thu, 16 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0400 Evaluation of Distance Musical Instrument Education of Amateurs in Terms of Teachers’ Opinions During the Pandemic https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/261 <p>In this study, it was aimed to determine the views of music teachers who delivered distance musical instrument education within the scope of amateur music education during the Covid-19 pandemic. The study group of the research consisted of 19 music teachers determined by the purposive sampling method, and the data were obtained with a semi-structured interview form, most of which consisted of open-ended questions. In line with the findings obtained from the study, it was determined that the musical instrument education carried out by the teachers participating in the research during the pandemic had a positive impact on the lesson process, the motivation of the student, self-confidence, study discipline, and individual responsibility. In addition, it has been determined that teachers have experienced some negativities in terms of the teaching process and technology in distance education carried out during the pandemic.</p> Elif AYDIN, Gülnihal GÜL ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/261 Thu, 16 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0400 Teachers' Health Management Practices in the Implementation of Blended Learning Modality https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/264 <p>COVID-19 hit the world with devastating effects that stopped the usual system of our everyday lives and affected different sectors, including education. This has led the Philippine Education System to implement the blended learning modality as the alternative to the traditional face-to-face. The study seeks to describe the health management practices of the teacher participants in terms of health protocols in coming in and out of school, communication with parents, module releasing and retrieval, and hygiene and daily practices. Stratified random sampling was used to determine the participants. The participants' profiles were grouped by age, grade level taught, position, and years of service. One–way ANOVA and Tukey's posthoc test were used to treat the data and tested at 0.05 level of significance. It was found that there is no significant difference in the teachers' age, grade-level taught, and position. However, there is a significant difference in the teachers' years of experience in module releasing and retrieval. This implies that teachers with 9-15 years of teaching experience apply the suggested health restriction protocols in module releasing and retrieval more punctually than groups with other experience.</p> Leo L. Codilla, Pearl Joy Arreza, Kainchin Manatad, Rigie Estrada ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/264 Fri, 17 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0400 Leveraging the Capabilities of Digital Storytelling to Improve Students’ Achievement in Map Reading in the South-West Nigeria https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/266 <p>This study investigated the use of digital storytelling to improve students’ achievement in map reading in Ibadan metropolis, south-west Nigeria. A digital storytelling package was developed and deployed in two modes: group-based and individual-based. The study adopted a quasi-experimental design. Three public secondary schools with senior school geography students, functional computers, and electricity were purposively selected within Ibadan metropolis to participate in the study. Participants (242) were assigned to group-based digital storytelling, individual-based digital storytelling (138), and control (126) groups. The treatment lasted for 12 weeks. Treatment had significant main effects on students’ achievement in map reading (F (2, 487) =131.27; partial η2=0.35). Students in group-based digital storytelling had the highest adjusted post-achievement mean score (18.45), followed by individual-based digital storytelling (17.20) and control (7.65) groups. Therefore, it can be recommended that geography teachers should adopt this package to teach map reading, especially at the secondary school level of education to ensure a seamless connection between map reading activities and geographical landforms in students’ immediate environments.</p> Lukuman Bello ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/266 Fri, 17 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0400 An Assessment of Provosts’ Communication Skills in Colleges of Education in Kwara State, Nigeria https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/267 <p>This study investigated the communication skills needed by provosts for effective management of Colleges of Education in Kwara State. The study was a descriptive survey study. It was guided by two research questions and two null hypotheses. The population of the study comprised the academic staff and NCE students in the three Colleges of Education owned by Kwara State Government. In all, there are 426 academic staff and 7,500 NCE students in the three colleges. The samples consisted of 100 academic staff and 250 NCE students drawn proportionately from the three colleges. An instrument constructed by the researchers, titled: Provosts’ Communication Skills for Effective Management Questionnaire (PCSEMQ) was used for data collection. Percentage, Mean, Standard Deviation and t-test statistics were used to analyse the data collected. The result of data analysis revealed the problems caused by poor usage of communication skills to include the decrease in the standard of Nigeria Certificate in Education; lack of sustainability of College’s good track record; lack of adequate control of staff and students; neglect of staff welfare and non-provision of grant for research and publications; poor supervision and monitoring of college’s activities; disruption of college environment making it difficult for lecturers to achieve their goals maximally; etc. Based on the findings, some recommendations were made which include the use of clear and concise language by provosts, constant use of face-to-face communication and the provosts being active listeners.</p> Musa Aremu Mahmud, Yusuf Suleiman, Mustapha Adam Ishola ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/267 Fri, 17 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0400 Content Analysis of Interview on Engaged Fatherhood https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/268 <p>The article involves an exploratory study. It mainly reviews articles published in 2010s dealing with fatherhood issue. It has revealed that the typical behaviour of fathers nowadays is related with the changes in society concerning the understanding of masculinity and femininity. The relatively new concept of caring masculinity is being reflected in legislation of many countries, however, there are barriers to its realization due to employer resistance. The society should realize that it benefits from father involvement in child’s life (engagement in child’s entertainment and educational activities, moral and financial responsibility for the child), as happier and more stable families have to be borne in mind while creating obstacles to fathers sharing the baby care with mothers. A convenience purposive sampling was applied to hold an interview with researchers. Ten people from nine various countries responded to interview questions placed on Academia platform. The keywords in the answers were codified, and their frequency was counted. It was concluded that father engagement vs. father involvement and father absence from the child’s life corresponds to the needs of contemporary society. Father engagement has individual (child, father) and social benefits, as well as individual benefits include medical, social, cognitive, and psychological benefits.</p> Natela Doghonadze ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/268 Fri, 17 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0400 The effect of distance education on the problem-solving success of university students taking algebra and students' opinions on the practice https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/269 <p>This study aims to examine the effect of distance education in formal education on the success of university students taking algebra in solving algebraic problems and to determine students' opinions on practice. The research design was determined as a posttest quasi-experimental design with a control group. The data collection tools of the research consist of the Algebra Problem Solving Test (APST) consisting of open-ended questions and the Semi-Structured Interview Form (SSIF). SPSS software package version 22.0 was used in the analysis of the data. As a result of the independent samples t-test, it was observed that there was no statistically significant difference between the posttest scores of the experimental and control groups obtained from APST. The qualitative data of the research were analyzed by content analysis. When the opinions of the experimental group students about the practice were examined, it was seen that they stated that distance education had various advantages, but they mostly experienced various difficulties. Students stated the disadvantages of distance education as not being able to ask questions, not feeling like in the classroom, not being motivated to the lesson, not being disciplined due to the comfort of a home environment, internet-related difficulties, inadequate communication, and socialization.</p> Neslihan Usta, Şeref Mirasyedioglu ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/269 Fri, 17 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0400 An Assessment of the Implementation Process of the Nigerian Nine-Year Basic Education Curriculum https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/270 <p>The Federal Government of Nigeria introduced a free, compulsory and continuous nine-year Universal Basic Education programme (UBE) in 2004, among other reasons, to respond to global and national challenges. As a result of this, the then primary and secondary school curricula were reorganized into a nine-year Basic Education Curriculum (BEC) which encompasses subjects such as Cultural and Creative Arts, ICT, National Values, Technology, Mathematics, foundations in Vocational Studies, Entrepreneurship, Science etc. The implementation of BEC started in September 2008 and was revised after three years in order to ensure quality, accommodate some emerging challenges and merge some related subjects so as to reduce the load. The use of the new BEC started in September 2012. This paper attempts an assessment of the implementation process of the new BEC in terms of funding and instructional delivery process using the qualitative method of research. In this regard, it is observed that some factors such as inadequately educated and competent teachers, as well as poor learning environment still pose very serious threats to the success of the new nine-year BEC and its usage. It is recommended among other things that relevant authorities should ensure the adequacy of educated and competent teachers for the BEC programme and such teachers should be sufficiently motivated in line with global best practices.</p> M.O. Olatunji, J.I. Ajero ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/270 Fri, 17 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0400 Are collocations worth teaching in adult learner English as a foreign language (EFL) classes? https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/271 <p>Since the beginning of the twentieth century communication among people of diverse cultures has become an urgent demand. There are various motives for adults to learn English as a foreign language: to develop their career or to increase their cultural horizons. The challenges facing adult learners are quite different from those encountered by younger learners. The time adults spend in training sessions is their worthwhile investment. Teachers have to adapt their teaching methods to help their adult students acquire the target language in a limited time. The current research involves a survey that raises the importance of collocations in English language acquisition for adult learners (students of military specialty). A multiple choice questionnaire was applied. 58 intermediate English language learners were involved in the research in order to find out that teaching collocation in EFL groups is obviously considered to be one of the most effective ways to easily develop learners’ written and oral communicative competence. The results from the research were positive enough: the findings have implications for EFL teachers to encourage adult language learners to practice new words not only by remembering separate words, but also their stable collocations. The study recommends remedial procedures for the curriculum in the students’ collocational knowledge development.</p> Megi Sabanashvili, Manana Garibashvili ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/271 Fri, 17 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0400