Journal of Education in Black Sea Region https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs <p>The aim of the journal is to publish high-quality manuscripts that are of international (or at least regional) significance in terms of design and/or findings by encouraging the collaboration with international teams of researchers to create special issues on these topics. The journal strives to strengthen connections between research and practice, so enhancing professional development and improving practice within the field of education. Papers accepted for publication are double-blind refereed by international reviewers to ensure academic integrity.</p> <p>Journal of Education in Black Sea Region (JEBS) is a peer-reviewed international (regional) journal. Articles from / dealing with the Black Sea region countries are especially welcome, however, we cordially invite authors from all over the world.&nbsp;</p> International Black Sea University en-US Journal of Education in Black Sea Region 2346-8246 <p>It is a condition of publication that authors assign copyright or license the publication rights in their articles, including abstracts, to Journal of Education in Black Sea Region. This enables us to ensure full copyright protection and to disseminate the article, and of course the Journal, to the widest possible readership. Authors are themselves responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyrighted material from other sources.</p> Effect of think-pair-share technique on academic performance of office practice students in colleges of education Kwara state https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/281 <p>The study aimed at investigating the effect of the think-pair-share technique on academic performance of students in office practice in<br>colleges of education, Kwara state, Nigeria. One intact group was selected as the control group and the other as the experimental group at<br>random. The study was directed by two research questions and two null hypotheses. The study used a quasi-experimental approach that<br>included pre- and post-tests. The population of the study comprised 125 students majoring in business. The purposive sampling procedure<br>was used in selecting 125 students who were grouped into treatment and control groups. The instruments for data collection were<br>programmed material (modules) for office practice and Office Practice Achievement Test (OPAT) developed by the researchers based on<br>the topic to be covered. Two hypotheses with significance levels of .05 were tested using the ANCOVA statistic technique. Both groups had<br>15 reading sessions; the experimental group received treatment and had their reading instruction based on the think-pair-share technique,<br>whereas the control group received reading instruction using the traditional approach. The findings suggested that using the think-pairshare<br>method can improve students’ academic performance.</p> Lawrence F. Ademiluyi Afiss Adebayo Fawale ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 8 1 7 14 10.31578/jebs.v8i1.281 Psycho-demographic factors as predictors of sports leisure activities among students of Olabisi Onabanjo University https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/273 <p>This study aimed to discuss psycho-demographic factors as predictors of sports leisure activities among selected students of Olabisi<br>Onabanjo University. A descriptive survey research design of a correlational type was used for the study. The sample included 262 students<br>from various faculties. Self-structured research instruments PFALQ: r=0.71 and DVILQ: r=0.76 were used for data collection. The data<br>were analyzed using multiple regression. The result reveals a significant joint contribution of the independent variables on sports leisure<br>activities. The result also shows the relative contribution of independent variables (motivation, self-esteem, personality, age, gender and<br>religion) to the dependent variable (involvement in sports leisure activities. The findings revealed that was a joint contribution of psychodemographic<br>status to leisure activities among selected students of Olabisi Onabanjo University. It was recommended that students<br>should be informed of the benefits of participation in leisure activities.</p> Adewale Olugbemiga Adeleye Samuel Adesina Okueso Adekunle Adelaja Abdul Adeola Hannah Balogun ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 8 1 14 22 10.31578/jebs.v8i1.273 Perception of professional competence of business studies teachers and students’ academic performance in Nigeria: The industrial relations approach https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/285 <p>The goal of this research was to investigate the professional competence of business educators as the determinant of academic performance<br>of junior secondary school students in Ijebu-North Local Government area of Ogun state, Nigeria. This study investigated the professional<br>competence of business educators as determinants of academic performance of selected junior secondary school students in Ijebu-North Local<br>Government Area of Ogun state, Nigeria. Two hypotheses were formulated and tested. The study was correlational in nature using survey<br>research design. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select twenty respondents from twenty schools, totaling 400 sample of the<br>study. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection and it consisted of two (2) sections. Data were analysed using descriptive and<br>inferential statistics. Pearson Correlation and independent t–test were used in analyzing the hypotheses. Findings revealed that there was a<br>significant relationship between teachers’ professional competence and students’ performance in business studies. Furthermore, there was no<br>significant gender difference in the students’ perception of their teachers’ professional competence. Based on the findings, it was recommended<br>among others that professional body (Association of Business Educators of Nigeria) should be bold enough to collaborate with employers<br>of business educators to carryout performance audit in order to reduce the prevalence of below-standard teachers in this profession and<br>strengthening the roles of universities in the preparation of professional business studies teachers.</p> Olugbenga Adeyanju Akintola Johnson Fejoh Adedayo Patrick Adeyemi Oluwabunmi Amos Oluwo ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 8 1 22 30 10.31578/jebs.v8i1.285 Influence of age and quality of life on emotional health of secondary school teachers in Ilorin metropolis https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/274 <p>The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of age and quality of life on Kamilu Olanrewaju Muraina emotional health of secondary<br>school teachers in Ilorin metropolis, Nigeria. The study adopted descriptive survey method of a correlation type. The population<br>of this study comprised all secondary school teachers in Ilorin metropolis, Kwara state which was estimated to 9,298 while a sample of<br>425 secondary school teachers were selected for the study. The sample was selected using random sampling technique. Questionnaire<br>titled “Age, Quality of Life and Emotional Health Questionnaire” (AQLEHQ) was used. It was content validated and tested with reliability<br>coefficient of 0.85. Percentage was used for demographic data and research questions. Also mean, standard deviation and rank order<br>analysis were used for research questions while two null hypotheses were tested using the Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation (PPMC)<br>statistical tool. The findings revealed that the majority (72.3%) of the teachers in Ilorin metropolis had good emotional health and 57.5% of<br>teachers in Ilorin metropolis had a high level of quality of life. The finding of the hypotheses revealed that age has no significant influence<br>on the emotional health of secondary school teachers in Ilorin metropolis, Kwara state, but the quality of life has a significant influence on<br>the emotional health of secondary school teachers in Ilorin metropolis, Kwara state. The study recommended the need for school authorities<br>to plan an excellent quality of work life programme that will further enhance the overall quality of life of secondary school teachers<br>with low quality of life.</p> Kamilu Olanrewaju Muraina Patricia Omioguele Annor Ayoku Oba Baba ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 8 1 30 38 10.31578/jebs.v8i1.274 Teachers’ perceived usefulness, ease of use, and challenges with e-learning utilization sustainability after COVID-19 pandemic in Oyo state, Nigeria https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/275 <p>This study examined teachers’ perceived usefulness, ease of use, and challenges with e-learning utilization sustainability after COVID-19<br>pandemic. The research was designed as a descriptive survey research and purposive sampling technique was used to select 30 schools<br>and 300 teachers from 630 secondary schools in Oyo State in Nigeria. A questionnaire was developed tagged as teachers’ perceptions<br>on sustainable utilization of e-learning after COVID-19 pandemic with a 0.82 reliability index obtained. The data collected were analyzed<br>using simple percentage, mean scores, and standard deviation. The results revealed that teachers’ perceived usefulness and ease of use of<br>e-learning were positive and high. In addition, the study has reported that some factors like irregular network service, no direct training<br>for teachers, and many others were identified as challenges to the use of e-learning for instructional delivery. It was recommended among<br>others that policymakers should infuse e-learning instructional strategy into the curriculum for teaching/learning process.</p> Ayodeji Muideen Badmus1 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 8 1 38 46 10.31578/jebs.v8i1.275 Creating radio podcasts as pedagogy that promotes learning skills https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/276 <p>The study explored the use of a podcast as a potential tool for developing innovative learning methods designed for students with learning<br>difficulties and at risk of dropping out of the education system. It presents self-regulated learning by means of podcast production. The<br>study population comprised students diagnosed with learning, emotional, and social difficulties, and at risk of dropping out. The study<br>accompanied an innovative pedagogical project wherein students produced a podcast. The podcast included commentary texts, opinions,<br>interviews, and music. Analysis of the findings indicates a rise in the students’ motivation and achievements in the subject on which the<br>podcast focused, and satisfaction with their work in the studio. The findings reveal a reinforcement of understanding of the potential of<br>radio as a friendly, collaborative pedagogy for developing an array of learning skills, reinforcing students’ experience of scholastic success,<br>and strengthening their sense of meaning and belonging.</p> Ella Ben -Atar ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 8 1 46 56 10.31578/jebs.v8i1.276 Pre-service teachers’ disposition and attitude to environmental literacy in sanitation and waste management in a Nigerian university https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/277 <p>Environmentally literate teachers are indispensable to sustainably addressing the challenge of poor sanitation and waste mismanagement<br>in less-industrialized countries. In Nigeria, efforts at stemming the trends of urban waste management problems through stringent environmental<br>regulations of the military in the 1980s have since yielded ways to programs of information, communication and education embedded<br>in environmental education under current civilian dispensation. This study analyzed attitudes and dispositions of 125 graduating<br>pre-service teachers, drawn from a Nigerian public university, towards environmental sanitation and waste management within the context<br>of environmental literacy (EL). The student-teachers were aware of the adverse effects of unsanitary practices. However, they had not embraced<br>environmental sanitation practices as part of daily routines or a way of life. While gender and age were not found to be significantly<br>related to pre-service teachers’ EL knowledge and attitude, subject specialization correlated with knowledge just as family background did<br>with attitude. The study concluded that the current information-sharing approach is not enough to actualize the action-oriented nature of<br>EL and calls for curricular review to infuse environmental education (EE) concepts, activities, and methods for addressing the existing gaps<br>in teacher education programs in Nigeria.</p> Biodun Ogunyemi Ayodeji P. Ifegbesan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 8 1 56 66 10.31578/jebs.v8i1.277 Assessing factors contributing to students’ academic performance in Plateau State Polytechnic, Nigeria https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/278 <p>Education is one of the most important factors that not only instil critical skills, abilities, and knowledge in individuals, but also lead to<br>individual, community, and national growth and progress. This study investigates factors that influenced academic performance among<br>students of Plateau State Polytechnic, Barkin Ladi, Nigeria. Primary and secondary data were obtained through the administering of<br>questionnaires and the collection of student results from the school records. A sample of 363 final year students from the population of<br>3860 final year students was selected using the Yamane sample size selection method. The data collected were analyzed using Quantile<br>Regression with the help of R-Package Version 3.6.1. From the result obtained, different factors were identified at different quantile levels<br>to have a significant influence on students’ CGPA. At the higher quantile level (i.e. 75% and 95%), gender, number of siblings, mother’s<br>educational level, father’s educational level, Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) score and how school fee is financed had<br>significant effects on student CGPA. At the lower quantile (i.e. 5% and 25%), the number of siblings, mother’s educational level, how school<br>fee is financed, secondary school attended and UTME score had significant effects on student CGPA. Therefore, as the male students’<br>results in the research seem to be lower than those of females, parents and schools should pay more attention to their education. Besides,<br>the researcher recommends that government and schools provide support to children from large families.</p> Ishaku Luka SUAN Olateju Alao BAMIGBALA Ayodeji Oluwatobi OJETUNDE ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 8 1 66 80 10.31578/jebs.v8i1.278 Learning – a starting point https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/279 <p>Pedagogical and didactic efforts are usually based on the premise that learning takes place under favourable conditions.<br>However, these conditions already presuppose what is supposed to take place: learning. This article deals with the basic mechanisms of<br>learning, identifying, so to speak, the foundation of any pedagogical endeavour. For this, one of the earliest texts in pedagogy is used,<br>Plato’s Allegory of the Cave. On top of the philosophical reflection, consequences for pedagogical practice are drawn.</p> Jan Boehm ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 8 1 80 88 10.31578/jebs.v8i1.279 Effect of using songs to teach junior secondary mathematics https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/280 <p>Singing songs is part of human everyday lifestyle, they can easily be recalled and thereafter affect other aspects of human life. The study<br>examined the effect of songs application in teaching junior secondary mathematics. The junior secondary level being the intermediate<br>and upper basic level of education where learners are prepared for the serious academic rigour of the post-basic or senior secondary level<br>in Nigeria require the introduction of more learner-centred, learner-friendly and activity-based methods. Teaching Mathematics with use<br>of songs will be one of such methods. The study employed the pre- test, post-test, quasi experimental design. Using purposive sampling<br>technique, one hundred and twenty (120) junior secondary students from two public secondary schools were selected for the sample.<br>Three hypotheses were formulated and tested. Two instruments, procedural and main instrument, were used. The data collected were analyzed<br>using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). The result of the study revealed that there was a significant effect of songs on the academic<br>achievement of students in Mathematics and it was recommended that teachers should be encouraged to adopt songs composed during<br>teaching since their use sustains students’ interest and retention.</p> Lawani Abisola.O. Arigbabu Abayomi.A Janet Oyebola Adetayo ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 8 1 88 96 10.31578/jebs.v8i1.280 Assessment of gender mainstreaming among managers of universities in Osun state, Nigeria https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/282 <p>The study assessed gender-sensitive awareness of managers to committee membership, recruitment and promotion. It also compared<br>the level of gender mainstreaming in the management of public and private universities in Osun state. The reseach design adopted was<br>descriptive research design. The population of the study comprised all the 357 managers of universities (Principal Officers, Deans of Faculties<br>and Heads of Departments) in Osun state. The research sample consisted of 113 respondents of the population drawn from the<br>managers of universities in Osun State. Purposive sampling technique was employed in selecting three universities in Osun State, which<br>were Obafcmi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, representing the federal university, Osun State University, Osogbo, representing state and Bowen<br>University, Iwo, representing private universities. Managers were selected from each university using proportionate stratified random<br>sampling technique. The data were collected from the respondents using a questionnaire titled ‘Gender Mainstreaming and Management<br>of Universities Questionnaire (GMMUQ)’. The data collected through the questionnaire were analysed using descriptive and inferential<br>statistics. The study concluded that the extent of gender-sensitive awareness of managers to recruitment and promotion in universities in<br>Osun State was low and that that there was no significant difference in the level of gender mainstreaming in the management of public<br>and private universities in Osun State.</p> Musibau Adeoye Yusuf Kamorudeen Ayoola Yahaya ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 8 1 96 110 10.31578/jebs.v8i1.282 Collaborative Learning for Professional Development: A Review of Research Methods and Instruments https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/283 <p>This paper analyzes teacher collaboration research studies based on the research methods and tools used in these studies. As a research<br>methodology, 36 studies were systematically collected from research databases such as EBSCO, ERIC, and search engines such as Google<br>Scholar, based on the selection criteria and themes. Across the studies, they were analyzed using thematic data analysis. According to the<br>findings, collaborative dimensions and activities, teachers’ beliefs and perceptions on their collaboration, teachers’ room to communicate,<br>teacher-to-teacher dialogue, the way teachers work together, and collaborative attitudes are factors in developing research methods and<br>tools used in previous studies of teacher collaboration in schools. Furthermore, previous studies have included various participants such as<br>administrators, teachers, staff members in schools, parents, families, community members and school board members. Informal collaboration,<br>professional learning experience and peer collaboration, school culture, social networks, leadership and school management teams,<br>sustainability in financial and physical conditions of schools and well-planned in-service teacher education programs based on collaborative<br>knowledge creation are factors that influence teacher collaboration. Different conceptual frameworks and instruments have been used<br>to describe teacher collaboration, such as the Teacher Collaboration Improvement Framework (TCIF), the Community of Practice (CoP), the<br>Teacher Collaboration Assessment Survey (TCAS) and the Professional Learning Community-Revised (PLCR) instrument. According to the<br>findings, more research on the term “interprofessional collaboration” in the field of teacher education is required because collaboration<br>between representatives of different professions is now essential for school improvement. The findings of this study have the potential to<br>contribute to future research in teacher collaboration and interprofessional collaboration in education.</p> Myo Sandar Orsolya Kálmán ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 8 1 110 122 10.31578/jebs.v8i1.283 Several aspects related to the teachers’ views on the rights of the child based on focus group discussions on the example of Finland https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/284 <p>The paper was prepared within the project Advancing European Values and Standards in Georgian Schools supported by Erasmus + Jean<br>Monet program of the European Union. One of the main purposes of this project was to study the school education system of the leading<br>EU member states by the team members. The author was involved in researching the school education system of Finland determining the<br>views of school teachers in Finland related to schoolchildren’s human rights protection. As it is known, this country has the leading position<br>related to the introduction of the new and modernized system of education in school and providing maximum protection of children’s<br>human rights, particularly those of schoolchildren.<br>In general, this paper discusses pre-service teachers’ views concerning the United Nations (UN) Convention on the Rights of the Child<br>and the ways teachers perceive their connection to the educational context and their work. The author argues that pre-service teachers’<br>perceptions determine how successfully human rights education is implemented in practice. The data were collected from workshops<br>and focus group discussions conducted with approximately 100 primary school pre-service teachers in Northern Finland. The participants<br>noted that children’s rights are important and deeply connected to their work. However, they were insufficiently familiar with human rights<br>education (HRE) concepts, and they were uncertain about whether it was acceptable to physically restrain children in order to protect them<br>or others, as this could undermine a child’s rights. To adhere to the principles in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, the topic<br>must be included in the pre-service study syllabus, more clearly added to the curriculum, and implemented in teacher practice.</p> Nika Chitadze ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 8 1 122 134 10.31578/jebs.v8i1.284 From brick-and-mortar to online teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in Osun state, Nigeria https://jebs.ibsu.edu.ge/jms/index.php/jebs/article/view/286 <p>This study examined the private secondary school students’ perception, satisfaction, and attitude towards online teaching. Some information<br>concerning online teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in Osun state, Nigeria was provided. The descriptive survey<br>design was adopted for this study. The population comprised all private secondary school students in Osun state, Nigeria. A simple random<br>sampling was used to select 664 students from four private senior secondary schools across the state. A self-developed 21-item instrument<br>with a Cronbach alpha of 0.84 was used to elicit information from the participants. Data were analyzed using chi-square statistic at 0.05<br>level of significance. The result revealed that most private secondary school students had high perceptions of online teaching as well as a<br>positive attitude towards online teaching. There was a statistically significant relationship between participants’ school class (χ2 = 11.08; p<br>&lt; 0.05) and satisfaction level towards online teaching, while there was no significant association between respondents’ gender (χ2 = 2.38,<br>p &gt; 0.05), age (χ2 = 0.07, p &gt; 0.05) and satisfaction levels towards online teaching. It was concluded that online teaching should be used<br>to teach private secondary school students in addition to brick-and-mortar teaching.</p> Oluwaseyi Aina Opesemowo Akin Obanisola Titilope Rachael Opesesmowo ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 8 1 134 142 10.31578/jebs.v8i1.286