Journal of Education in Black Sea Region 2019-07-20T21:09:39+04:00 Mehmet Sahiner Open Journal Systems Purpose in Life Questionnaire for High School Populations: A Unidimensional Factor Structure for High School Students 2019-07-20T21:09:08+04:00 Abdulaziz M. Alshaikh <p>This study examines the Purpose in Life (PIL) questionnaire and attempts to find the most appropriate factor matrix structure<br>when it is applied to a high school population. The goal of the study is to find a simple structure factor matrix with high reliability<br>as measured by Cronbach’s alpha. Participants (N = 659) were randomly selected from all four grades of Washington State<br>metropolitan area high schools. Findings indicate that while various multidimensional matrix structures exist for the instrument<br>when used with an adult population, when used with a high school population, there emerges a strong unidimensional factor<br>matrix with a simple structure; it both fits the data well and results in very strong reliability (Cronbach’s α = .900). This analysis<br>suggests that revising the PIL from 20 to 14 questions for high schoolers results in a unidimensional instrument, strongly<br>supported by all 14 questions and measuring with a very high reliability.</p> 2019-05-26T12:12:22+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Perceived Psychological Implications of Family Violence During Childhood on Young Adults’ Relationships with Other People (The Case of Inlga Ijebu Igbo Ogun State, Nigeria) 2019-07-20T21:09:10+04:00 Emmanuel Adenuga <p>Family violence occurs in private but involves community members and affects the network of the victim`s relationships with other people. The experience of family violence hurts the victims emotionally, economically and socially; likewise the community is affected in terms of health. The study therefore examined the psychological implications of family violence experienced during childhood on young adults’ relationships with other people. The population for this study is all young adults in INLGA Ijebu igbo Ogun State out of which 840 respondents were purposively selected and used for this study. A modified standardized instrument HITS with reliability of 0.78 and a self-structured questionnaire with reliability of 0.89 were used to collect data for the study. The data obtained were analyzed using inferential statistics of chi-square to determine the acceptance and non-acceptance of the three hypotheses tested at p&lt; 0.05. All hypotheses formulated were rejected; this implies that exposure to family violence during childhood has implications on young adults relationship in Ijebu igbo, while false self and victimhood thinking were perceived psychological implications of family violence on young adults relationship. Based on the findings, the recommendations were suggested, such as: active teaching of family life education will address most of the variables challenging family wellbeing; therefore, school children should be encouraged to offer family life education while family violence resistance education and family violence victim management should be included in family life education syllabus. Elders involved in religious education should be trained in the technicality of family violence resistance education and family violence victim management while health workers and security officers should not be exempted in this training and family violence victim management should be part of the activities of the social and media unit of the state and local governments by coming up with jingles and a campaign that could foster a reporting system of family violence.</p> 2019-05-26T12:11:11+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Levels of Employability Skills and Organisational Citizenship Behaviourof University Secretarial Staff In South-West, Nigeria 2019-07-20T21:09:12+04:00 Adeyemi Muyiwa Margaret Moronke Dosunmu Abolaji Olugbenga Bukki <p>The skills and competencies exhibited by the secretarial staff in a University setting show how vast is such secretary in the art of delivery of his/her services.&nbsp; A secretarial staff has been considered to be the brain box of any organisation.&nbsp; They are incharge of all information emanating and disseminating from the establishment; as such the role of the secretarial staff as the custodian of information in the university cannot be over-emphasized.&nbsp; The aim of the study was to determine the levels of the University secretarial staff employability skills and organizational citizenship behaviour in South-West, Nigeria.&nbsp; The study adopted a descriptive research design of ex-post facto type. Two research questions were raised. The sample for the study consisted of 1,209 secretarial staff in 36 universities in South-West, Nigeria selected through stratified random sampling technique.&nbsp; Three instruments were used for data collection, namely: Demographic Data Form, Graduate Employability Scale (GESS), ‘r’=0.86; Organisational Citizenship Behaviour Scale (OCBS), ‘r’=0.96. Multiple Regression Analysis (MRA) and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) were used to analyse the data at 0.05 level of significance.&nbsp; The results revealed that the University secretarial staff generally possessed a high level of employability skills (50.5%) and organizational citizenship behaviour (50.8%).It was concluded that the secretarial staff generally possessed the employability skills and organisational citizenship behaviour which are needed to perform optimally in their duties. The study recommended, among others, that the secretarial staff should endeavour to seek for more knowledge to equip them with relevant employability skills that will make them to be assets to the organization. The University secretarial staff should be exposed to regular training programmes with an emphasis on how to enhance their employability skills and further improve their knowledge. Also, there is need to compensate any secretarial staff who displays the traits of organizational citizenship behavior.This will serve as motivation for other secretarial staff.</p> 2019-05-26T12:09:07+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Pre-Service Teachers’ Assessment of Student Learning In Science Education 2019-07-20T21:09:14+04:00 Edsel O Coronado <p>This research was conducted to examine the tools, strategies, and problems encountered in assessing student learning by pre-service teachers in science during their on-and-off campus clinical experience. An explanatory sequential mixed method design was used in the study. Three instruments were used in this study: The Assessment Checklist for Student Teachers in Science, Focus Group Discussion (FGD) Questions, and the In-depth Interview Questions. 17 pre-service teachers participated from one teacher education institution. Findings of the study using Kruskal-Wallis One-way Analysis of Variance and Thematical Analysis using Phenomenological Reduction Method revealed the assessment tools used most frequently and least frequently, assessment strategies, and the problems encountered by pre-service teachers in science in assessing student learning. The findings also revealed that there was a significant difference in the use of rubric (p value=0.045) as the least frequently used assessment tool by pre-service teachers in science when grouped according to specialization.</p> 2019-05-26T12:07:40+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## School Change Management: A Multi-frame Analysis 2019-07-20T21:09:16+04:00 Eman I AHMED <p>The purpose of the present paper is to examine how the school leaders frame their own experiences of managing change within the school system. The mixed method design was used to answer the research questions and understand the research problems. Both the qualitative and the quantitative data were used to identify the frames orienting school leaders to manage change within the school setting. The obtained data showed that the participants employed most of the frames (structural, political, human resource, and symbolic) in managing school change. The data revealed that the human resource frame appeared universal in most of the cases. Understanding principals’ perceptions of change management can help practitioners as well as academics to work more efficiently and address the needs of the school leaders.</p> 2019-05-26T11:47:55+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Role of Metacognitive Technique for Enhancing the Writing Skills of Arab EEFL Students 2019-07-20T21:09:39+04:00 Tamer Mohammad Al-Jarrah Noraien Mansor Rania Hassan Talafhah Jarrah Mohammad Al-Jarrah Fedaa Mahmoud Al-Shorman <p>One of the most problematic areas for foreign language learning is writing. Writing is the most complicated and complex aspect of the language system. This study aimed to investigate the kind of metacognitive strategies EFL students used before and after metacognitive strategy training and the effect of the changes observed. It also aimed to examine the influence of other external factors (L1 transfer, motivation, anxiety) on EFL students' performance when instructed to use metacognitive strategies. The subjects were 22 secondary school students in Irbid, Jordan. Two questionnaires were used to gather the data of this study. Questionnaire 1 contains metacognitive strategies (planning, monitoring, and evaluation). Questionnaire 2 entails three variables (L1 transfer, motivation, anxiety). This paper helps to understand how the level of writing skills can be increased among Arab EFL students. Hence, metacognitive techniques must be developed to have a mutual connection with self-regulation and learner’s development of self-scripting approaches. The result showed a positive significant correlation between metacognitive strategies and motivation, L1 transfer, and anxiety. Metacognitive strategies played an important role in enhancing students' writing performance and planning, monitoring, and evaluation process in writing performance.</p> 2019-05-26T11:35:48+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Alumni Loyalty in Higher Education (Case of Three Private University Alumni of BA Business Administration Programs) 2019-07-20T21:09:18+04:00 Goderdzi Buchashvili Nino Jikia Irma Mesiridze <p>In the 21<sup>st</sup> century, the increasing need for enhancing the quality of education in higher educational institutions has caught a high interest of researchers in studying the influence of quality of educational services on students’ satisfaction and graduates’ loyalty. Taking into account the purpose of the study, the questionnaire used in it contains predictive and descriptive questions. The research describes different factors, such as service quality, facilities, administrative staff helpfulness, university location, and academic staff professionalism impact on the level of alumni loyalty. The information has been obtained at three private universities in Georgia. Research results were gathered for comparative analysis. The research variable, in this case factors affecting the level of loyalty, should be paid attention to, in order to gain a high level of alumni loyalty.</p> 2019-05-26T11:46:52+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Relation Between Scouting and Character Education in The Context of “The Book of The Wolf Puppies” Published In The Journal “Çocuk Dünyasi” 2019-07-20T21:09:20+04:00 Gönül Türkan Demir <p>In the globalizing world, the success of each nation in transferring the values of its culture to the new generations is directly related to the continuation of their culture. Both international and national studies include findings regarding character education in the family and at school, the cause of which is that the new generation has the desired character characteristics and assimilate the social values. Scouting, one of the out-of-school activities, is one of the important social and sporting activities that children and young people perform outside of the family and school. Scouting activities which have their own rules and which make a close connection between their members are also very effective in character education.&nbsp; In this study, <em>The Book of the Wolf Puppies</em> published in a journal called Çocuk Dünyası in 1926 has been examined. In the study carried out with the method of document analysis, the analysis of the texts was carried out according to the themes determined in the QSR Nvivo 9 program. As a result, it was found that scouting activities directly and positively contribute to character education.</p> 2019-05-26T11:45:48+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Structural Model of Academic Buoyancy, Aptitude, and School Environment on the Mathematics Achievement of Pre-service Teachers 2019-07-20T21:09:25+04:00 Joamel P. Gellor <p>The study determined the direction and magnitude of the relationships of academic buoyancy, aptitude and school environment towards mathematics achievement of the pre-service teachers through Structural Equation Modeling. Maximum Likelihood was used to estimate while Chi-square/degrees of freedom, Goodness of Fit Index, Normal Fit Index, Tucker-Lewis Index, Comparative Fit Index, and Root Mean Square Error of Approximation indices were used to evaluate the goodness of fit of the hypothesized models. The best fit model for the mathematics achievement of pre-service teachers is best anchored on aptitude supported by school environment. Academic buoyancy is necessary but insufficient for mathematics achievement.</p> 2019-05-26T11:43:54+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effective Metacognitive Strategies to Boost English as a Foreign Language Reading Comprehension 2019-07-20T21:09:27+04:00 Meri Iobidze <p>The article investigates effective strategies for teaching English as a foreign language reading skill. Main emphasis is placed on the use of metacognitive strategies which help students to reflect on mental processes occurring before, during and after the process of reading. Thus, utilizing metacognitive strategies leads to successful performance and reading comprehension. The research dealt with the significance of metacognitive strategies as a tool for successful accomplishment in the process of reading and the tasks related to this process. The research was based on quantitative approach, as the data obtained through experiment were necessary to shape and study the statistics of achievement and failures of learners. The research revealed that using metacognitive strategies can be advantageous to improve EFL learners' metacognitive reading comprehension skill. Moreover, metacognitive awareness in learners lead to higher self-efficacy among learners. They become high achievers at learning EFL.&nbsp;</p> <p>The findings of this study might have implications for learners, teachers, and material-developers in the field of English language teaching and learning</p> 2019-05-26T11:42:29+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Informal Faculty Mentoring Practices in Higher Education in Kazakhstan 2019-07-20T21:09:23+04:00 Gulsaule Kairat <p>Mentoring as a means for professional socialization enhances a sense of community, cooperation, and engagement among faculty members. Moreover, mentoring is regarded as one of the essential parts in faculty development and retention, and academic environment. Specifically, mentors can help their mentees in conducting research, writing publications, passing the transition period easily and with less stress. The purpose of this research is to investigate how informal faculty mentoring works in young academics' professional development and teaching career and what effects it has for teacher's career development in Kazakhstani higher education system. The research seeks to examine the role of faculty mentoring as a form of professional growth and socialization where a more experienced faculty member stands as a guide to a less experienced member with the aim of developing and elaborating their skills and abilities, knowledge and cultural understanding of a particular organization or institution. 5 young academics were involved in this research with 1-5 job experiences in higher education. The results of this study show that mentoring is a learning partnership, a process of support, a reciprocal relationship, a dynamic process where a mentor- mentee relationship changes over time.</p> 2019-05-26T11:44:51+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Exploring the Student-Centered Classroom Management and Self-Actualization Tendencies in Georgian Classrooms 2019-07-20T21:09:33+04:00 Nino TVALCHRELIDZE Nana Alkesidze <p>The demands of the 21<sup>st</sup> century world have changed, these changes require the modernization of the tendencies almost in every field, including education. The demand of the globalized world caused the shifting of educational approaches from the conventional and traditional methods to more contemporary, person–oriented and challenging ones. Georgia is a developing country. The multi-ethnicity of the population makes its educational system to be more sophisticated and tailored to the population needs and contemporary challenges. Self-actualization is one of the best ways of students’ engagement and encouragement in the educational process and for their preparation as life-long self-directed learners. Adopting the student-centered approach in teaching enhances the process of students’ engagement in the classroom activities and their self-actualization. In order to find out the state of the student-centeredness and self-actualization in Georgian high schools the quantitative approach (4-point Likert scale questionnaire) was applied.&nbsp; Eight schools from different regions of Georgia were involved in the research. The results from the research are positive enough: more than the half of the high school students in Georgian schools both in public and in private ones consider their classroom and the whole educational management more student-centered than teacher-centered. However, there is still much to be done for fostering and enhancing theses tendencies for making students learn in a really student-centered classroom environment and to make them more self-actualized.</p> 2019-05-26T11:40:03+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Teachers as Leaders: Equipping English Language Teachers with Leadership Knowledge and Skills in TESOL 2019-07-20T21:09:36+04:00 Sayyed Rashid Shah <p>As part of a larger qualitative case study, this article explores the perceptions of EFL teacher leaders with regards to leadership knowledge and skills they consider important for their leadership roles in the Saudi EFL context. Twelve EFL teacher leaders were interviewed to identity various types of knowledge and skills for teacher leadership practices in the EFL context. Qualitative data were collected through semi-structured interviews and open-ended questionnaire, and analysed using the Nvivo 10 software. Analysis led to 18 main categories and four overarching themes; however, four major categories and one key theme are part of this article that reflect the participants’ perceptions of leadership knowledge and skills. The findings reveal that TESOL background and pedagogical knowledge helped the participants to establish their identity as EFL teacher leaders. Likewise, knowledge about the people and context supported their roles and their acute awareness of the culture, people and the context contributed to their self-efficacy. There is an emphasis on improved pedagogical skills for teacher leadership roles; however, those with operational duties, such as academic coordinators have not considered teaching skills important for their jobs. The findings have highlighted the significance of role-related skills, basic management skills and personality traits for effective EFL teacher leadership.</p> 2019-05-26T11:38:42+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Determining the Significance Level of Vocabulary Teaching Tools and Activities in Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language through Analytical Hierarchy Process 2019-07-20T21:09:30+04:00 Mustafa Arslan Suat Kang <p>As vocabulary is an important component of language teaching and there exist certain problems in students’ vocabulary skills, traditional and modern teaching methods used in Turkish as a foreign language teaching are discussed in the article. The frequency of use and the success rates were taken into consideration in the determination of the methods. In this context, a survey was developed and administered within Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) for teachers of Turkish to foreigners in order to determine the significance level of vocabulary teaching methods in Turkish as a foreign language. The survey consisted of comparative questions for determining the significance levels of vocabulary acquisition methods used in teaching Turkish as a foreign language. The data collected in this research were analyzed in Microsoft Excel program and the results were presented as statistical tables. According to the findings, the significance level of communicative teaching methods conducted through visual and auditory tools and activities were determined to be the first in vocabulary acquisition in teaching Turkish as a foreign language. Videos and movies were seen to be the first in the order of significance level within vocabulary teaching through visual and audio tools. Role-play activities were determined to be the first in the order of significance of level. Interactive course CDs and smart boards became the most effective tools in teaching vocabulary in terms of educational technologies. Course-books and workbooks were identified as the most preferred tools in printed publications. According to the results of the study, the tools applied by students that address multi-senses were seen to be the most preferred techniques in vocabulary acquisition in teaching Turkish as a foreign language. The results of this research will contribute to updating the methods to be used in teaching / learning Turkish as a foreign language vocabulary. In addition, they will help to improve the course-books and other materials to be developed.</p> 2019-05-26T11:41:21+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##