Journal of Education in Black Sea Region 2021-12-16T02:49:36+04:00 Mehmet Shahiner Open Journal Systems <p>The aim of the journal is to publish high-quality manuscripts that are of international (or at least regional) significance in terms of design and/or findings by encouraging the collaboration with international teams of researchers to create special issues on these topics. The journal strives to strengthen connections between research and practice, so enhancing professional development and improving practice within the field of education. Papers accepted for publication are double-blind refereed by international reviewers to ensure academic integrity.</p> <p>Journal of Education in Black Sea Region (JEBS) is a peer-reviewed international (regional) journal. Articles from / dealing with the Black Sea region countries are especially welcome, however, we cordially invite authors from all over the world.&nbsp;</p> The Emerging Role of Parents at the Time of Emergency Remote Education 2021-12-06T00:37:40+04:00 Abel V. Alvarez <p>Many dimensions of societal roles have been affected by the pandemic crisis due to Covid-19. Since the government of the Philippines mandated that until a vaccine becomes available, there will be no face-to-face interaction, thus, the students must have to study in the comforts of their home. This educational trend paved the way for parents to play an emerging role towards facilitating their children to continue the learning process. Using a qualitative phenomenological research design, this study explores the experiences of parenting roles at the time of emergency remote education. The findings of this paper revealed three themes: parents as facilitators, motivators, and collaborators of the learning process. The results of this study also showed that while macro issues on emergency remote education have been given so much attention, the need to understand and to listen to the experiences of parents who are playing the role of teachers in this time of the pandemic crisis is noteworthy to be given time and attention. This also allows educational institutions to rethink the way they plan and create educational policies toward having a collaborative learning community.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:&nbsp;</strong>Covid-19, emergency remote education, parents’ role, parent’s involvement</p> 2021-12-03T19:34:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Relationship Between Workplace Behaviour and Staff Job Performance in Private Secondary Schools in Ilorin West Local Government, Kwara State, Nigeria 2021-12-06T00:37:47+04:00 Ayinde Yusuf Adisa Yusuf Suleiman Mustapha Adam Ishola Eunice Hayochi Muchilwa <p>Workplace behaviour refers to behaviour that organization requires or demands of employees at all times which will encourage efficient running of the organization and subsequently lead to the attainment of the goals. Drawing from empirical studies and review of theories, this study examined the relationship between workplace behaviour and staff job performance in private secondary schools in Ilorin West local government, Kwara state<strong>,</strong> Nigeria. Specifically, the study assessed: (i) the relationship between punctuality and staff job performance in private secondary schools in Ilorin West local government, Kwara state<strong>,</strong> Nigeria; (ii) the relationship between teamwork and staff job performance in private secondary schools in Ilorin West local government, Kwara state<strong>,</strong> Nigeria and (iii) the relationship between discipline and staff job performance in private secondary schools in Ilorin West local government, Kwara state<strong>,</strong> Nigeria. The study was a descriptive research of correlation type, random sampling technique was used to select 50 private secondary schools in Ilorin West local government. Random sampling technique was used to select 10 staff per school. Purposive sampling technique was used to select administrative officers (Proprietors, Principals, Vice-Principals and Bursars). Questionnaire was used to collect data for the study, the instruments were validated by the experts and also tested for reliability. The reliability coefficients realized for WPQ and SJPQ were 0.82 and 0.76, respectively. The main and operational hypotheses were tested using Pearson product-moment correlation statistics respectively at 0.05 level of significance. The results revealed that there was a significant relationship between workplace behaviour and staff job performance (p˃0.05). The study concluded that workplace behaviour plays a significant role in enhancing staff job performance which would consequently facilitate the realization of educational goals of secondary schools in Ilorin-West local government, Kwara state, Nigeria. Based on the findings and conclusion, the study recommended that education stakeholders, including state government, should intensify their efforts to ensure that staff maintain workplace behaviour through strict implementation of staff code of conduct, the staff should be sensitized on the importance and consequences of workplace behaviour and ensure that appropriate sanctions are carried out on the defaulters.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> workplace behaviour, job performance, private secondary schools</p> 2021-12-03T19:43:37+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## An Investigation of the Educational Use of Facebook According to Physics Teachers and Students 2021-12-06T00:38:03+04:00 Başak Gök Pervin Ünlü <p>Today, social networks are used in every field of education, contributing to the dissemination of knowledge and improving the quality of education. This study investigated the perceptions of high school students, undergraduate students and physics teachers have on the adaptation of Facebook as a social network, the intended use of Facebook, and its educational use in a physics course. The participants included 327 high school students, 40 preservice physics teachers, and 28 physics teachers, all from Ankara, Turkey. The data revealed that there was a significant difference in the participants’ views on the adaptation of Facebook, the intended use of Facebook, and its educational use according to educational level, but not by gender. The teachers, compared to the high school students and the preservice teachers, scored significantly higher in the areas of adaptation of Facebook and its intended use. In the educational use of Facebook, the preservice teachers, compared to the high school students, and the teachers, compared to both high school students and preservice teachers, scored significantly higher. The variables of gender, educational level, intended use of Facebook, and its educational use were found to have a significant effect on the perceptions of the educational use of Facebook in physics education. In this study, while the use of Facebook in the field of education is not affected by gender in general, its use in physics education in specifically is affected by gender.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:&nbsp;</strong>Facebook; Facebook in education; physics education</p> 2021-12-03T19:53:06+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Interaction Effects of Teachers’ Job Satisfaction and their Self-Efficacy on Teaching Performance 2021-12-06T00:38:10+04:00 Cesar G. Lumanug II, Lumanug Robin B. Dimla <p>The study aimed at investigating job satisfaction moderating effect between teachers’ self-efficacy and school performance. Teachers’ job satisfaction was deemed to affect the strength of relationship of teachers’ self-efficacy and schools’ performance. A total of 231 high school teachers accomplished questionnaires on job satisfaction and teachers’ self-efficacy. According to results obtained, a high degree of self-efficacy manifested among teachers to accomplish their tasks and to attain a consistent and better job performance. Teachers’ self-efficacy also directly affects their performance and is moderated to some degree of influence by job satisfaction. A significant effect between teachers’ self-efficacy and teachers’ performance was established. It is recommended that teachers should be given enough attention based on their extrinsic needs aside from strong motivational and moral support. A school-based program to increase job satisfaction was also recommended.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:&nbsp;</strong>self-efficacy; teacher’s performance; job satisfaction; high school teachers</p> 2021-12-05T23:15:36+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Needs Assessment of Research Support as Initiative Process of Service Design for Academic Library Service 2021-12-06T00:38:18+04:00 Isaya Punsiripat Wawta Techataweewan Dussadee Seewungkum <p>Service design is a process to increasingly manage customer experiences for innovative solutions through the research and development cycle. The study aimed at conducting the needs assessment for research support services of academic libraries in Thailand for overall satisfaction and prioritization of four services such as reference service, training service, circulation service, and facilities. The sample included 405 graduate students and faculty staff from the top eight research universities. Data were collected via questionnaires and then analyzed through descriptive statistics such as frequency distribution, percentage, mean and standard deviation. The needs assessment was analyzed with Modified Priority Needs Index (PNI<sub>modifie</sub>d). The research results reveal that the overall services’ satisfaction is at a moderate level while the four services of needs are prioritized from most to least as follows: reference services (PNI<sub>modified</sub>=0.23), training services (PNI<sub>modified</sub>=0.17), facilities (PNI<sub>modified</sub>=0.16), and circulation services (PNI<sub>modified</sub>=0.14), respectively. The most needed items are funding source guide (PNI<sub>modified</sub>=0.31) following with paper writing (PNI<sub>modified</sub> = 0.27), copyright and patent guide (PNI<sub>modified</sub> =0.27), and international interlibrary loan (PNI<sub>modified</sub> = 0.27). This survey will be further contributed to three stages of the IDEO service design model for research support of the academic library.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:&nbsp;</strong><em>Needs assessment, Research support, Services design, Academic library</em></p> 2021-12-05T23:24:55+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Industrial Disharmony and Sustainable Development Goals of State Government-Owned Tertiary Institutions in Southwest Nigeria 2021-12-06T00:38:29+04:00 Johnson Fejoh Michael Ayodeji Boyede Emmanuel Oloruntoba Adesanwo Paul Adekunle Onanuga <p>Nigerian public tertiary institutions have been plagued with incessant industrial conflicts that are always pronounced in form of strike actions and these had led to long closure of these public institutions with attendant negative effects on overall developments of these institutions. This study, therefore, examined the impact of industrial disharmony on sustainable development goal of state government-owned tertiary institutions in Southwest Nigeria. Two hypotheses were raised, and a descriptive survey research design of the ex post facto type was adopted for the study. The population for the study comprised of all the staff of three selected public tertiary institutions across three states in Southwest Nigeria (Moshood Abiola Polytechnic, Abeokuta; Adeniran Ogunsanya College of Education, Ijanikin, Lagos and Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso). Simple random and proportionate stratified technique was used to select the respondents based on staff classification into academic (302), senior non-teaching (103) and junior non-teaching (280) cadres totalling 685 respondents. A self-designed questionnaire entitled Industrial Disharmony and Sustainable Development Goals Questionnaire (IDSDGQ) was used to collect information from the respondents. Data were analyzed using regression analysis to test the two hypotheses raised for the study at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that industrial disharmony had a significant impact on sustainable development goals of state government-owned tertiary institutions in Southwest Nigeria. It is, therefore, recommended that state governments as proprietors of these tertiary institutions should strive to increase the funding of these institutions since a lack of adequate funding has been identified as a major source of industrial disharmony in public tertiary institutions.</p> <p><strong>Key Words</strong>:&nbsp;&nbsp; industrial disharmony, sustainable development, academic excellence, economic viability, state government-owned tertiary institutions</p> 2021-12-05T23:34:37+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Self-Concept, Peer Pressure, and Teaching Strategies, and Their Influence on Students’ Performance in Mathematics: A Cross-Sectional Study 2021-12-06T00:38:42+04:00 Joseph C. Pasco <p>This study aimed to determine the influence of self-concept, teaching strategies, and peer pressure on students’ mathematics performance. The study utilized a descriptive-survey correlational design to explore the relationship between the independent variables to performance in mathematics across junior high school students’ grade levels. The results revealed that the general performance in mathematics of the 224 students from Grade 7-10 is satisfactory. Also, the students’ self-concept in mathematics is high, and more than half of them had often experienced varied teaching strategies employed by the teacher in their mathematics class. When grouped by grade level, only teaching strategies and peer pressure showed significant differences, while the students’ performance and self-concept in mathematics did not show statistical differences. However, only peer pressure exhibited a significant influence on students’performance in mathematics. Hence, it is vital to be careful about the negative relationship of the variables. It is recommended that a comprehensive and thorough qualitative study be undertaken to supplement the results and have a deeper understanding of the association of the variables involved.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:&nbsp;</strong>education, self-concept, teaching strategies, peer pressure, performance in mathematics, cross-sectional study, Philippines</p> 2021-12-05T23:39:46+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Teacher Development Measurement 2021-12-06T00:38:50+04:00 Le Khanh Tuan <p>Currently, there is no specific form of quantifying assessment criteria in the traditional assessment of teaching staff in Vietnam that is capable of measuring, comparing, and ranking the quality of this human resource comprehensively. This is also an urgent requirement in the management of human resources in education sector. The goal is to find an effective tool to measure the growth of teaching staff to meet the management requirements. Based on acknowledging and applying the United Nations methodologies to calculate the Human Development Index, the author has developed the Teacher Development Index with attributes that meet the requirements to become an effective management tool. Teacher Development Index has been developed since 2003 in Vietnam by the author of this paper. After many experiments and application, it has been authorized for use by the authorities, ranging from school boards to ministerial authorities, which has proven its accuracy and superiority. This initiative has received many scientific awards as well as support from education administrators. The author would like to introduce this initiative to international readers and hopes that this will prove to be a valuable reference for education authorities in other countries and that teacher development index will become widely applied.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Teacher development index, teacher development measurement, teachers.</p> 2021-12-05T23:43:36+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Face-to-Face, Hybrid and Online English as a Foreign Language Learning Efficiency in Higher Education (Georgian and Italian students’ views) 2021-12-06T00:38:58+04:00 Natela DOGHONADZE Tamari Dolidze Natia Vasadze <p>COVID-19 pandemic and its waves have resulted in transitions from face-to-face activities to completely online learning, then to hybrid learning, and then to a peculiar face-to-face COVID-19-time learning (with masks, distance-keeping, etc.). As the situation tends to continue for an indefinite time, it is important to study the existing experience and to take the obtained results into consideration in the future practice. Therefore, the presented research attempted to study students’ view on the experience of face-to-face (F-2-F), hybrid and online EFL teaching in universities during 2019-2021. With this purpose, a quantitative study was carried out through questioning the opinions of English as a foreign language (EFL) students in Georgia and Italy. The advantages and disadvantages of the three modes were assessed by 466 (430 of them from Georgia and 36 from Italy) volunteer respondents. The outcomes of the study were analyzed and elaborated in the forms of practical recommendations for more effective planning and implementation of EFL teaching during and after the Covid-19 pandemic.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: F2F; Hybrid; Distance Education; EFL</p> 2021-12-05T23:49:17+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Determining the Views of Music Teachers at BILSEMs on the Music Field Student Diagnosis Process: The Case of Bursa 2021-12-06T00:39:08+04:00 Ajda Şenol Sakin Zeynep Özer <p>Science and Art Centers (BILSEM) are state institutions in Turkey operating under the Ministry of National Education, which aim to ensure that gifted students in Turkey acquire a scientific study discipline and develop their creativity in line with their talents and interests. In these centers, there are three different special talent fields: music, visual arts and general talent. In this study, it was aimed to determine the views of music teachers working at Science and Art Centers (BILSEM), which are activity-based centers where gifted students in Turkey receive education, about the student diagnosis process of music field. Music teachers working at BILSEM in the city center and districts of Bursa participated in the study. The study is in the case study research design, one of the qualitative research methods. The data were obtained using a semi-structured interview form. The acquired data were analyzed using the directed content analysis method. In this direction, 5 themes and 34 codes were determined. In the study, most of the teachers stated that group (Tablet) scanning application for the student diagnosis process was not necessary for prospective music students, that the content and criteria of the questions related to aural skills and memory should be changed and that the content related to the field of musical awareness was insufficient and needed to be improved. In addition, the music teachers evaluated the conditions of the exam environment and expressed different opinions on the subject. At the end of the study, various suggestions were made on the subject in the light of the obtained data and evaluations.</p> <p><strong>Key words:</strong> BILSEM, centers for gifted students, diagnosis, music course, gifted students<strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Readability and Readability Formulas: English as a Foreign Language Tertiary Education Teachers' Awareness in Shaqra University, Saudi Arabia 2021-12-16T02:49:36+04:00 Imam-edin Awad M. Omer Bilal A. Al-Khaza’leh <p>This study is an attempt to investigate English as a Foreign Language (EFL) University teachers’ awareness of the readability concept and formulas in Shaqra University<strong>, </strong>Saudi Arabia. The study also aims at investigating whether this awareness is affected by teachers’ experience<strong>. </strong>A three-scale questionnaire was designed to gather data from randomly selected 40 EFL teachers. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS program. The results showed that EFL teachers have only an overall awareness of readability concept and are not aware of its formulas. The results also showed that there is a weak relationship between teachers’ awareness of readability and their teaching experience. Based on the findings, the study recommended that the issue of readability and readability formulas should be included in EFL teachers’ pre-service and/or in-service training programmes.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> readability, readability formulas, reading passages, EFL teachers</p> 2021-12-16T00:00:00+04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##